The U.S. feed-grain outlook for 2017-’18 is for lower production, domestic use, exports and ending stocks. The corn crop is projected at 14.1 billion bushels, down from last year’s record high with a lower forecast area and yield. The yield projection of 170.7 bushels per acre is based on a weather-adjusted trend assuming normal planting progress and summer weather, estimated using the 1988 to 2016 time period. The yield model includes a downward stochastic adjustment to account for the asymmetric response of yield to July precipitation. The smaller corn crop is partly offset by the largest projected beginning stocks since 1988-’89, leaving total corn supplies down from a year ago but still the second highest on record.

Total U.S. corn use in 2017-’18 is forecast to decline 2 percent from a year ago as a slight increase in domestic use is more than offset by lower exports.  Food, seed, and industrial (FSI) use is projected to rise 80 million bushels to 7.0 billion due to increased use of corn to produce ethanol for fuel and expected growth in nonethanol FSI.  Corn used to produce ethanol is up 50 million bushels [to 5.5 billion bushels], reflecting expectations of gasoline consumption growth, reduced sorghum used to produce ethanol, higher expected blending and continued global ethanol import demand. Projected feed and residual use declines as a smaller crop and increased use of ethanol by-products more than offsets growth in grain consuming animal units. 

U.S. corn exports are down 350 million bushels, as a 1.0-billion-bushel year-over-year increase in the combined corn exports of Brazil and Argentina during 2016-’17 (local marketing years beginning in March 2017 and ending February 2018) is expected to cut into the 2017-’18 U.S. shipping season.  With total supply falling faster than use, 2017-’18 U.S. ending stocks of corn are down 185 million bushels. The season-average farm price is projected at $3.00 to $3.80 per bushel, unchanged at the midpoint from 2016-’17.

The global coarse grain outlook for 2017-’18 is for lower production, increased use and sharply reduced ending stocks.  Corn production is forecast down from a year ago, with the largest declines in China and the United States.  Partly offsetting are larger crops projected for the EU and Canada. Global corn use is up 9 million tons (1 percent), while global corn imports are projected to increase 7 million tons.  Notable increases in corn imports include Vietnam, Egypt, the EU, Saudi Arabia, Mexico and Iran.  Global corn ending stocks are down from last year’s record high and if realized would be the lowest since 2013-’14.  The drop largely reflects forecast declines for China and the United States.

For China, total corn supply is down 14 million tons in 2017-’18, based on projected declines in beginning stocks and production.  Area is reduced based on planting intentions published by the National Bureau of Statistics.  On the demand side, feed and residual use is expected to increase based on continued relatively low internal market prices, efforts by the government to promote use of domestic supplies and reduced imports of corn substitutes.  Projected FSI use is higher based on expectations of growth in domestic use and exports of corn-based industrial products.

As notícias compartilhadas e produzidas por outras fontes não traduzem a opinião do grupo RPA. Sua publicação obedece ao propósito de estimular o debate e de refletir as diversas tendências do mercado ou do setor sucroenergético.

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